Archer, Frederick Scott

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b. 1813 Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire, England
d. May 1857 London, England
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English photographer, inventor of the wet-collodion process, the dominant photographic process between 1851 and c.1880.
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Apprenticed to a silversmith in London, Archer's interest in coin design and sculpture led to his taking up photography in 1847. Archer began experiments to improve Talbot's calotype process and by 1848 he was investigating the properties of a newly discovered material, collodion, a solution of gun-cotton in ether. In 1851 Archer published details of a process using collodion on glass plates as a carrier for silver salts. The process combined the virtues of both the calotype and the daguerreotype processes, then widely practised, and soon displaced them from favour. Collodion plates were only sensitive when moist and it was therefore essential to use them immediately after they had been prepared. Popularly known as "wet plate" photography, it became the dominant photographic process for thirty years.
Archer introduced other minor photographic innovations and in 1855 patented a collodion stripping film. He had not patented the wet-plate process, however, and made no financial gain from his photographic work. He died in poverty in 1857, a matter of some embarrassment to his contemporaries. A subscription fund was raised, to which the Government was subsequently persuaded to add an annual pension.
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Bibliography
1851, Chemist (March) (announced Archer's process).
Further Reading
J.Werge, 1890, The Evolution of Photography.
H.Gernsheim and A.Gernsheim, 1969, The History of "Photography", rev. edn, London.
JW

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Archer, Frederick Scott — ▪ British sculptor and inventor born 1813, Bishop s Stortford, Hertfordshire, Eng. died May 2, 1857, London       English inventor of the first practical photographic process by which more than one copy of a picture could be made.       Archer, a …   Universalium

  • Archer, Frederick Scott — (1813 1857) Englischer Bildhauer, Fotograf und Erfinder. Mit der Kollodium Naßplatte, die er 1851 beschrieb, erfand er die erste praktisch brauchbare Fotoplatte aus Glas. Seine Erfindung fand trotz der recht umständlichen Handhabung schnelle… …   Das Lexikon aus „Bernie's Foto-Programm"

  • Frederick Scott Archer — (1813–1857) nació en Bishop s Stortford en el Reino Unido[1] fue escultor y es conocido por haber inventado el proceso fotográfico del colodión húmedo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Frederick Scott Archer — For people named Fred Archer (including the unrelated 20th century photographer), see Fred Archer. Frederick Scott Archer (1813 1857) invented the photographic collodion process which preceded the modern gelatin emulsion. He was born in Bishop s… …   Wikipedia

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